O6. Insects World : Communication

Insects use variousmethods to communicatewith members of the samespecies, as well as withother animals. They ‘tell’each other about new food sources and even communicate their likes (in the case of mating partners) or dislikes (in the case of enemies).

Insects normally use their sense of touch to communicate with each other.

Ants release pheromones (special chemical scents) in order to communicate with other ants.

Some insects use distinct colours to let other animals know that they are dangerous. Other insects may have designs on their bodies that warn predators away.

Some cockroaches and butterflies have huge, eyelike motifs on their thorax or wings, which scare predators.

Certain beetles emit strong-smelling substances from their bodies. This is to warn predators to avoid eating them. Most of the time, these strong-smelling bugs taste bad as well.

Strange colours and special scents are not always used to warn enemies. Insects also use colourful displays to attract mates.

Insects were the first animals to use sound as a means of comunication. Bees use buzzing sounds to warn about danger, indicate the presence of food and convey various other information.

The rate at which fireflies blink light is very important for successful mating. If a female firefly blinks back too fast, she is thought to be unattractive and if her response is to slow, she assumed to be uninterested in the male firefly.

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