Experts have divided all living things on Earth into different groups and given them special names. Each group shares certain features.
All living creatures are classified into five major kingdoms —animals, plants, fungi, monerans (such as bacteria) and protists.
These kingdoms are further divided into phyla (singular phylum). There are around 20 phyla in the animal kingdom. The phylum Arthropoda is the largest in the animal kingdom and includes insects, spiders, crabs and centipedes
The different phyla are split into smaller groups called classes. Birds, mammals, reptiles and insects all belong to different classes. Insects belong to the class Insecta. Spiders and scorpions belong to the class Arachnida.
There are different orders within each class. For example, ants, bees and wasps belong to the order Hymenoptera within the class Insecta. All hymenopterans have wings and can sting.
The study of insects is known as entymology. Entomologists have divided all the insects discovered so far into 32 orders.
Orders are further sub—divided into families. Lions, tigers and pet cats belong to the family Felidae. Similarly, all ants belong to the family Formicidae.
Families are even further divided into genus and species. Only animals that belong to the same species can mate together to reproduce fertile offspring.
Scientists called taxonomists give scientific names to living things. These names are in Latin and include the genus and species name.